Rise of the Staffing & Recruiting Machines: No (Human) Recruiters Needed

Part 2: By 2036 today’s staffing and recruiting agency model may be replaced by AI-based systems that are faster, more efficient and more capable of finding and placing qualified talent. Or will they?

In Part 1: Rise of the Staffing & Recruiting Machines: The Rush to AI-driven HR Technology, we looked at the massive investments being made in HR technology and Artificial Intelligence. Research shows that nearly 50% of jobs may be replaced by AI-based systems in 20 years, and many of those could be in sales, services, and clerical and administration – the heart of any staffing and recruiting agency.

The business value – why AI for staffing and recruiting?

AI systems may replace many recruiting and staffing professionalsThe question has to be asked, even if the answer appears to be self-evident. How will Applied AI systems impact the internal operations of staffing and recruiting agencies? To answer that question, let’s look at some of the big challenges and operational expenses related to current temporary staffing and recruiting agency business models.

From a business model standpoint, today’s temporary staffing agency isn’t really much different from the one started by William Russell “Russ” Kelly back in 1946. At its heart, it’s a business organization that sells units of work by temporary or contract workers to those clients who need units of work done. Sure, technology has been added along with a variety of ancillary services and capabilities to improve the efficiency of service delivery and the variety of services and skills offered, but the basic value proposition remains the same.

Fundamentally then, a staffing agency grows and thrives on the relationships it builds with its clients, candidates, and contingent employees. But there’s a problem – and that’s maintaining those profitable relationships whenever there’s high turnover among agency staff.

Will internal recruiting agency staff turnover drive AI-implementation?

As anyone who’s been in the staffing industry for any length of time will tell you, internal staff retention and turnover is a significant problem. And with every turnover there’s a potential loss of a business relationship. In fact, according to surveys by the American Staffing Association, turnover among front office personnel in recruiting, placement, and sales runs at 50 percent to 70 percent annually.

Anecdotally, you’ll hear staffing agency management and owners lament the “two years and gone” of their internal staff. There are a lot of reasons for this, but essentially it may have much to do with the nature of the jobs and the people hired for them.

First, recruiting and staffing agencies often hire entry-level personnel lacking skills and focused education for the positions of recruiting and sales. While many agencies offer commendable on-the-job training, a significant number of agencies do not. This invariably leads to less-than-optimal staff performance. Second, the high-pressure, reactive recruiting and placement for job orders from customers often leads to internal staff burn-out.

So, as internal personnel costs play a huge role in operational costs and profitability, staffing and recruiting agencies for decades have successfully looked to growing levels of automation to reduce effort and personnel costs. Increasingly, staffing software and recruiting software are simplifying tasks associated with sourcing, reviewing, grading, and placing potential candidates. Likewise, software has greatly simplified the efficient flow of information throughout an agency. Information that drives sales, placements, and all back-office operations.

What AI-based systems will do is take today’s level of automation – augmenting the capabilities of the recruiter or sales representative or back-office finance staffer – and replace them completely if possible. Today’s staffing and recruiting software systems, point solutions developed to automate or enhance the performance of specific tasks, still silo information that’s not terribly well-integrated or analyzable. These systems will become obsolete – except in those markets and niches where maximum efficiency is not a requirement.

AI systems will reduce the need for internal staff, especially for the recruitment and placement of non-specialized job positions, as well as positions in the back-office. That will mean an exponential reduction in the cost of recruiting operations – and higher profits for management and those “super recruiters” who remain.

What will the staffing and recruiting agency of 2036 look like?

By 2036 AI systems, integrated with psychometric, cognitive, and other skills and capability assessments, had revolutionized the education, training, and placement of people into worthwhile careers. These AI’s were constantly and objectively evaluating employees at each stage of their career. With a deep understanding of an individual’s skills, talents, capabilities, and personality, AI-based systems were nearly unerring in their ability to match careers and jobs with people. Far better than any human. But the human touch was still needed.

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Mahpíya Lúta stepped into her home office with a steaming mug of coffee in her hand and a purposeful expression on her face. The wall screen lit up as she entered, displaying a variety of information; pre-defined news interests, global stock tickers, and other data relevant to her business and that of her most valued customers, as well as her own schedule for the day. But she was more interested in the central images, updating each few seconds as needed, that highlighted the recruiting and staffing tasks before her.

Overnight more than 100 job orders had come in from her customers, and a new order popped onto the bottom of the screen every few minutes. These were categorized by the AI system based on previously identified criteria from priority one, those that required human intervention of some sort, to priority five, those that the AI could easily handle.

There was the usual job order variety: An IT project team of 35 was needed by one of her Fortune 100 customers; a local custom manufacturing operation was looking for a level-four 3-d print designer/engineer; an expanding elder-fitness organization wanted to hire 150 entry-level and 5 managerial level physical therapists; a major construction firm needed 2,500 workers of various disciplines and skillsets for an infrastructure project; a few senior level executives were being sought; and on and on.

As Mahpíya quickly scanned the list, she made gestures to indicate which of the orders she wanted to parcel out to her far-flung team of three other recruiting and staffing experts. This was pretty easy to do, as Argent, her personal AI, had already done a pretty good job of categorizing them based on past experience and each team members’ expertise and skills.

“Argent,” said Mahpíya, “what is the current status on all priority five job orders?”

The AI immediately responded in its clear, gender-neutral voice, “All priority five job orders have been filled. Seven hundred and twenty seven people will go to work today or tomorrow as scheduled through my standard search, credentialing, contact, and negotiation process. I estimate that the gross profit margin on these order placements will average twenty nine point three percent.”

“Good,” said Mahpíya, “Argent, the IT project looks like it may take some creative sourcing; what have you accomplished so far?”

“I revised and implemented some of the gamified sourcing quizzes for possible candidates with the requisite skills and have already identified more than 200 candidates world-wide. I estimate that all candidates will be confirmed, credentialed, and ready for presenting to the customer by 1300 hours tomorrow.”

“That’s fine, Argent. But show me the three top team lead candidates for this order to review and possibly present to the customer by noon today. I want to let the customer know that we’re staying on top of it.”

“Acknowledged.” Mahpíya knew that, next time, the AI would anticipate her request and have the top team lead candidates identified and ready for her review.

“Argent, I see that the priority two, three, and four job orders are progressing normally. Are there any other follow-up calls I should make to any customers or candidates today?” In response, the screen highlighted a dozen job orders that Mahpíya gestured at to move to her to-do list.

Quickly then, Mahpíya began a series of video calls with her customers to get details on the nuances of her own higher-priority job orders. These calls gave her the opportunity to use her own special skills – persuasiveness, empathy, and a well-honed ability to adaptively negotiate. These skills were also paramount to her success when talking through job opportunities with high value candidates. The “human touch” was invaluable here. High level candidates in turn appreciated her expertise – she was a rock-star recruiter after all – and valued her guidance on their own careers.

Even as she went from call to call, Mahpíya monitored the screens before her from one corner of her eye. There was a constant flow of information there as Argent and her team members responded to current and incoming job orders. She could see the ebb and flow of data from their social media channels as well as the shifting real-time KPI’s of their sourcing, marketing, sales, and recruiting efforts. One ticker, running across the bottom of the screen, showed running totals of incoming orders, placements, and fills. All of the back-office functions were handled seamlessly and without fanfare by the AI. The ticker and the big green numbers that highlighted the days’ real-time profit total were all she needed to know that the recruiting agency’s business was performing excellently.

Promptly at 3:00 p.m., Mahpíya conferenced in her team for their wrap-up call. It took only a few minutes to highlight the few action items for tomorrow. It had been a typically good, million-dollar day.

“Argent,” said Mahpíya, “book a ticket for me to Tahiti tomorrow. I’d like to do some reef diving. I’ll check-in as usual. Otherwise, please handle my incoming calls. You’re in charge.”

“Acknowledged,” the AI responded.

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Phil McCutchen is a B2B software marketing professional with 25-years of experience in the staffing and recruiting industry. The observations and predictions presented here are based on his own research and future thinking and represent his own opinions.

Rise of the Staffing & Recruiting Machines: The Rush to AI-driven HR Technology

Part 1: Ever since John McCarthy coined the term “Artificial Intelligence” in 1955, we’ve been alternately fascinated (“Hello, Siri”) and dismayed (“I’ll be back”) by what AI may offer or foreshadow. How will AI impact the staffing and recruiting industry over the next twenty years?

A new “industrial-age” of AI-based business disruptions?

AI (artificial intelligence) and its impact on staffing and recruitingThe industrial-age leveraged the use of fossil-fueled mechanical power to enable more work to be done by fewer people. It also brought with it major disruptions in virtually every industry. Wherever there was an opportunity to reduce the cost of goods, or speed delivery, or improve quality, machines were invented that were better at performing those tasks and replacing people in the process.

We are now well into the information age, and the use of machines capable of being programmed to emulate even more human-like functions has led to advances that extend those industry disruptions. Intelligent automation is capable of replacing virtually any human activity comprised of repeated steps, as it has in robotized manufacturing. It seems that only in economies where the cost of labor is lower than that of the necessary automation can humans still be found on many manufacturing lines.

But there is more on the horizon. As the cost of computing power decreases, and the power of AI-based software and big-data analysis increases, more and more “human-only” jobs will be targeted for replacement to improve efficiencies and reduce costs. While we may be decades (or even centuries) from a true “Strong AI” capable of human-like thought, “Weak AI” or Applied AI is with is today. Apple’s Siri, Microsoft’s Cortana, and IBM’s Watson are all examples of Applied AI systems.

Siri and Cortana may be pretty good “virtual assistants,” for your smartphone but they pale in comparison to what Watson is doing right now. After crushing top human Jeopardy players, Watson is now focusing on industries where its capability for analyzing unstructured data (a particularly “human” skill) can be put to good use.

Backed by billion-dollar-plus investments, Watson is the centerpiece of a new IBM business unit, Watson Health, that has partnered with Apple and major healthcare players to set the lofty goal of leveraging Watson’s cognitive capabilities to create “new health-based offerings that leverage information collected from personal health, medical and fitness devices” providing “better insights, real-time feedback and recommendations to improve everything from personal health and wellness to acute and chronic care.”

That’s all well and good – we will all be better served with lower cost and more accurate delivery of healthcare – but really, how seriously should we take AI systems?

Really seriously. That business recognizes the potential opportunities that Applied Ai represents can be seen in the investments being made in AI. “The way software is eating the world today, well, AI will do that to software,” says Amir Husain, CEO of Spark Cognition, an AI security startup in Austin, Texas. In 2014 alone, startups developing artificial intelligence systems saw a 302% increase in funding, and since then there has been a constant stream of announcements about new AI applications or investments.

For example, Elon Musk and partners are investing a billion dollars to establish an “Open AI” not-for-profit foundation whose goal is to develop AI system technology – and then give it away to anyone who wants it. And it’s not just startups who are investing. IBM, Apple, Microsoft, Intel, Facebook, Google, and Amazon are among the big players who have announced (or have rumored) big investments in AI.

Applied AI will have a big impact on staffing and recruiting

Similarly, and more relevantly to staffing, recruiting, and HR practices, massive investments in AI and related HR technologies are being made here as well. In 2014 $1.9 Billion was invested in HR technology and venture-backed investments were on track for $2.8 Billion in 2015. Who knows what 2016 will bring?

The promise of AI or similar technologies that might improve the efficiency of hiring is not lost on staffing companies. For example, Recruit Holdings, one of the top staffing enterprises in the world, is investing in technology startups through its subsidiary Recruit Strategic Partners. Its focus is on investing in innovative startups from all around the world to support their companies. HackerRank is one of these startup investments, and HackerRank is using AI to create and develop “gamified” coding challenges for software programmers as a candidate sourcing tool.

Somewhat like Watson, another startup, Connectifier, (recently acquired by LinkedIn) solves the recruiting headaches of out-of-date candidate information, using AI to build meaningful candidate profiles from unstructured data and then matching job requirements to candidates with desired skills.

As HackerRank, Connectifier and other point solutions prove, there are plenty of opportunities for AI to improve on recruiting efficiency, such as providing recruiters with AI “virtual assistants.”

In fact, it’s apparent to some that AI will be a foundation for recruiting with semantic search, people data analytics, real time monitoring of performance and behavior, augmented reality tools to assist during interviews, and decision making aided by “cultural fit” analysis.

And that’s all great to hear. Faster, more efficient, more accurate, better fitting, (and less costly) recruiting and staffing of talent.

But will AI systems replace recruiters, staffing coordinators, sales representatives, or me?

What about all the jobs in a typical recruiting or staffing office? How will AI impact those jobs in recruiting, sales, or even management? Jobs that presumably require more thoughtfulness, creativity, intuition, or people-skills?

AI Disruption AheadFrankly, recruiters and many other recruiting and staffing agency jobs are not safe from the efficiencies that may be delivered by Applied AI systems.

Of course, staffing and recruiting agency personnel aren’t alone as targets for AI replacement. Almost half of all jobs in the Western world (47%) could be automated by computers within the next two decades according to research by The Economist and researchers from the University of Oxford’s Martin Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology. Even management positions are a target for AI-based systems. In just five to 10 years, AI-based systems will likely be able to do many managerial tasks more effectively than humans, says Bob Thomas, the managing director of Accenture Strategy. “We are entering a different kind of technological era,” he says — one in which robots play a much bigger role at work.

But there are caveats. The “low-hanging fruit” for AI systems are jobs that are by their nature repetitive and analytical. As the research points out, human social intelligence is important in a wide range of work tasks, such as those involving negotiation, persuasion and care. These are areas of human capability that are very relevant, but not critical, to staffing and recruiting – as they center on person-to-person communication and relationships. Yet these, too, are valid targets for Applied AI. To aid the computerization of such tasks, active research is being undertaken within the fields.

In analyzing the AI-based job replacement potential, the research indicates that service, sales, and administrative support are most likely to be replaced by AI systems in the next two decades. Not surprisingly, those coincide with the job titles and roles for most of the internal staff at staffing and recruiting agencies.

So, yeah. If you’re working for a staffing and recruiting agency, you may be replaceable (or at least significantly augmented) by an AI system in the future. But there’s a lot more to it. Stay tuned.

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Part two: “Rise of the Staffing & Recruiting Machines: No (Human) Recruiters Needed” explores how AI-based systems might change today’s staffing and recruiting industry model.

Phil McCutchen is a B2B software marketing professional with 25-years of experience in the staffing and recruiting industry. The observations and predictions presented here are based on his own research and future thinking and represent his own opinions.

15 Signs You’re Working With a Staffing Software Leader

Think about the very best staffing software you’ve ever used.

15 attributes of a staffing software leaderMaybe (hopefully) it’s what you’re using today. Maybe you’re a bit wistful about some software you used previously. (I’ll admit that I sometimes miss the simplicity and ease-of-use of MacDraw.) Or maybe you’re fantasizing about (or actively working toward) the NEXT staffing software you’ll buy.

Regardless of what that software was/is/will-be, the very best staffing and recruiting software vendor for your agency will probably have these 15 key attributes.

1. They Share Their Vision

The most important thing a software vendor can do is share with you their goal – vision – for what the software will do for your business now. And in the future. A great software vendor will advocate for something worthy that you, too, can enthusiastically embrace. They will ensure that they communicate that vision effectively and often.

2. They Develop – and Extend – Their Expertise

Nothing is more detrimental to the continuing success of your agency than being chained to a software vendor who doesn’t truly understand your changing agency needs. They have to demonstrate exceptional competency at all levels of staffing, recruiting, agency practices, and how all of that is impacted by technology if you expect them to provide leadership and vision.

3. They Respect Your Time

Great staffing software vendors understand that software exists to solve problems. And the single most important problem to be solved in any staffing and recruiting agency is time management. Every second counts. And how their software works should reflect that thinking.

4. They Set Priorities

When your staffing and recruiting software vendor tries to focus on everything, they’re probably not focusing on your business. Just as your own staffing agency can achieve higher profit margins with a focus on niche staffing, so too will you benefit from a staffing and recruiting software vendor who is focused completely on your industry.

5. They Share Information

With some staffing and recruiting software vendors, it seems that the only time you hear from them is when they bill you. Or when you call for support. It seems like they’re keeping you in the dark about their business and how it might impact yours. There are legitimate reasons to control the timing of information sharing, but overall the more transparent a staffing software vendor is, the better it is for the partnership and relationship.

6. They Make Decisions

Frequently, staffing and recruiting software vendors may explore new technologies that seem appropriate for your agency, yet be slow in the development of the new tech. Regardless of the reasons (and there are many that can impact development), a great staffing software vendor will recognize when it’s time to act and go all-in or fold ‘em on some new tech.

7. They Demonstrate Empathy

Great staffing and recruiting software vendors are able to see things through your eyes. They will seek to truly understand the things that keep you up at night. And will want to fix it. ASAP.

8. They Offer Thanks

Building a culture of gratitude starts at the top. If your staffing and recruiting software vendor doesn’t take time to offer thanks to you for your ongoing business, why should you continue to do business with them?

9. They Pull Everyone Together

A great staffing and recruiting software vendor recognizes the talents, skills, and expertise of customers like you, and strives to work with you in a way that maximizes your combined effectiveness and ultimate success.

10. They Ask Smart Questions

Staffing software vendors that double-check their assumptions sends the positive message that they know that they don’t know everything. They aren’t willing to accept that things should be done a certain way just because that’s how they’ve been done in the past.

11. They Sell Thoughtfully

Let’s face it; your agency may not be the best fit for a particular staffing and recruiting software. After all, most can trace their development roots to a staffing and recruiting agency with a particular focus or mind-set that just might not fit your agencies’ business model. The great staffing and recruiting software vendors will let you know that before you’ve wasted much time trying to convince yourself otherwise.

12. They Accept Blame

Principled staffing and recruiting software vendors accept blame for their failings. Maybe they don’t dwell on it, but they accept it. Great staffing and recruiting software vendors look to change their software and/or business processes to fix the problem(s) and move forward.

13. They Communicate Effectively

No mumbling, no backpedaling, no long awkward silences. Great staffing and recruiting software vendors find the words to explain what they mean — and they back up what they say.

14. They Model Ethical Behavior

Trust is the single most important currency between people – and businesses. Great staffing and recruiting software vendors demonstrate an iron-clad adherence to ethical and moral business practices and processes.

15. They Strive for Excellence

Because really, who wants their staffing and recruiting software to simply be adequate?

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© Phil McCutchen, 2016 | Phil McCutchen is a B2B software marketing professional with 25-years of experience in the staffing and recruiting industry.

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